Healthy Habits (ES)

Mantenerse seguro bajo el sol: cómo elegir y usar protector solar

Nuestros médicos han compartido consejos, recomendaciones y le ayudarán a entender todo el lenguaje de un frasco de protector solar.
6 minutos
• 
Published
May 5, 2021
Hazel Team
Editor
The editorial staff at Hazel are a diverse group of writers and professionals.

A medida que los días se alargan y el clima se vuelve más cálido, muchas familias salen al aire libre para disfrutar del verano. Estar al aire libre es una excelente manera de hacer ejercicio, liberarse del estrés y pasar tiempo con la familia. Estar al aire libre también significa que debe proteger su piel de los rayos dañinos del sol. La exposición al sol es la causa más común de cáncer de piel y cualquier persona, sin importar su tono de piel, puede contraer cáncer de piel. Es importante prepararse para la protección solar todos los días, incluso si no planea estar afuera por mucho tiempo. El sol puede dañar su piel en tan solo 15 minutos, y una quemadura solar grave en la infancia duplica el riesgo de cáncer de piel en el futuro.


Afortunadamente, tomar medidas proactivas de protección solar, como usar un sombrero, sentarse a la sombra y usar siempre protector solar, puede prevenir la mayoría de los cánceres de piel. El protector solar es un medicamento de venta libre destinado a proteger la piel de los rayos dañinos. No debe usar protector solar de bricolaje o productos de protección solar que la FDA no haya aprobado. Es importante elegir el protector solar adecuado para su familia. Nuestros médicos han compartido consejos, recomendaciones y le ayudarán a entender todo el lenguaje de un frasco de protector solar.


Asegúrese de usar un protector solar de amplio espectro.

Los protectores solares de amplio espectro brindan protección solar tanto de los rayos UVA (envejecimiento) como de los rayos UVB (quemadores). Todos los productos de protección solar protegen contra los rayos UVB. El protector solar de amplio espectro también protege contra los rayos UVA (bronceados). Un protector solar de amplio espectro puede prevenir:

  • Cáncer de piel
  • Daño a la piel (manchas de la edad prematura, arrugas y piel flácida)
  • Quemadura del sol

Cualquier protector solar que no sea de amplio espectro debe tener una advertencia de que solo protege contra las quemaduras solares.


Busque SPF 30 o superior.

SPF significa factor de protección solar. También puede pensar en el SPF como un factor de protección contra las quemaduras solares. El número de SPF mide aproximadamente cuánto tiempo puede estar una persona al sol antes de que los rayos UVB comiencen a quemar su piel.


Por ejemplo, si su piel comienza a enrojecerse en 15 minutos sin protector solar, teóricamente un SPF 30 le permitirá permanecer al sol 30 veces más sin quemarse. Esta matemática se basa en datos promedio y la estimación puede cambiar según la hora del día, la época del año, las condiciones climáticas, su piel y qué tan bien se ha aplicado el protector solar.


La mayoría de los médicos recomiendan al menos SPF 30 para actividades al aire libre. Cuando el SPF 30 se aplica correctamente, protegerá su piel de aproximadamente el 96% de los rayos UV que causan las quemaduras solares. Un número de SPF más alto proporciona más protección contra las quemaduras solares, pero ningún protector solar puede proteger su piel al 100%.


¿Familia activa? Busque un protector solar resistente al agua/al sudor.

El protector solar resistente al agua protege su piel del sol incluso cuando está mojada. Cuando se aplica correctamente, puede proteger su piel durante actividades acuáticas como nadar en una piscina, correr a través de aspersores o sudar. El protector solar resistente al agua puede permanecer en su lugar por más tiempo en condiciones de humedad, por lo que es ideal para nadar o para hacer ejercicio.


No existe el protector solar completamente resistente al agua. Deberá tomar un descanso de estas actividades para volver a aplicar protector solar resistente al agua cada 40 u 80 minutos (según el nivel de resistencia al agua).


Verifique la fecha de vencimiento.

Busque la fecha de vencimiento del protector solar. Si no puede ver la fecha, recuerde que el protector solar no dura más de tres años. La vida útil es aún más corta si su protector solar estuvo expuesto a altas temperaturas. El protector solar vencido no brindará una protección adecuada.


Encuentre un protector solar que le guste.

Existe un buen protector solar para cada tipo de piel. Si un miembro de la familia tiene la piel sensible, no omita el protector solar. Pruebe uno formulado para su tipo de piel o consulte a un médico. Si Hazel está disponible en tu escuela, puedes comunicarte con un médico de Hazel con tus preguntas.


Ahora que tiene el nivel más alto de protección solar, asegúrese de que su familia use el protector solar correctamente:


1. Use protector solar aprobado por la FDA todos los días.

Es mejor usar protector solar todos los días, incluso cuando está nublado, o solo está afuera durante unos minutos a la vez. Es esencial usar protector solar si va a estar al aire libre durante un período prolongado.


2. Aplique una buena cantidad de protector solar

Una persona de tamaño promedio necesita al menos una onza de protector solar para cubrir el cuerpo y aproximadamente media cucharadita para cubrir su cara y cuello. Obviamente, esto variará según la edad y el tamaño, pero este es un excelente lugar para comenzar.

3. Aplique protector solar de 20 a 30 minutos antes de exponerse al sol.

El protector solar puede tardar hasta media hora en absorberse en la piel. Recuerde aplicar protector solar en esos lugares olvidables: la parte posterior del cuello, las orejas, la parte superior de los pies y los labios.


4. Vuelva a aplicar protector solar durante todo el día.

El protector solar desaparece a lo largo del día. Para seguir protegiendo la piel del sol, debe volver a aplicar el protector solar cada 2 horas o después de:

  • Secar con una toalla
  • Sudar o estar en el agua (dependiendo de la resistencia al agua)


Mientras usted y su familia disfrutan este verano, recuerde que el protector solar no debe ser su única defensa. Puede combinar el protector solar con otros enfoques de protección solar, como cubrirse con ropa, permanecer a la sombra, usar un sombrero y programar actividades para evitar los momentos del día en que el sol es más intenso.

Healthy students. Healthy schools.

See how Hazel Health can keep your students healthy and ready to learn
Hazel gets students the right support quickly
During the pandemic, a high school student was having a hard time coping. He was sad about COVID-19 impacting his senior year, and he was worried about the state of the world. The student was also struggling with some personal conflicts, and he felt he didn't have the right support at home.

After discussing his feelings, a Hazel doctor connected him with resources that he described as “life-changing.” He was very grateful and shared that he didn't know where to go for help before Hazel.
Hazel expands Health Services at school
A child came into the health center with a sprained wrist. The school nurse helped her ice the injury, but she was still in pain. A Hazel doctor helped the nurse put the student’s wrist in a splint and gave her over-the-counter medicine to help relieve the pain.

The school nurse expressed how grateful she was that Hazel could help her care for the child. She shared that before Hazel, she could not give medication to students, and the health office did not have splints available. She thanked Hazel for helping her do more for students in need of care.
Hazel is convenient and fast for families
A mother noticed her son was getting low on his asthma medication. She tried to schedule a visit with his doctor to refill his prescription, but all of the available appointments required her to take off from work, and her son would need to miss school. She needed to get her son to the doctor so he wouldn't run out of medicine, so she reached out to Hazel.

Hazel was able to see her son and send the refill to a local pharmacy within one day. The mother was happy that there was no need to interrupt school or work to get her son to a doctor for his medicine. She was also amazed at how easy and fast the entire process was.


Student Story
A student was coughing and sneezing a lot, but her family wasn’t sure if she was sick or had allergies. Thankfully, her school used Hazel, and they could get an answer.

After talking with the school nurse and the Hazel provider about her symptoms and medical history, the student was happy to find out it was likely allergies. She got some medicine and returned to class feeling better.
Hazel gets students the right support quickly
During the pandemic, a high school student was having a hard time coping. He was sad about COVID-19 impacting his senior year, and he was worried about the state of the world. The student was also struggling with some personal conflicts, and he felt he didn't have the right support at home.

After discussing his feelings, a Hazel doctor connected him with resources that he described as “life-changing.” He was very grateful and shared that he didn't know where to go for help before Hazel.
Parent Story
Shortly after COVID-19 began, a student began to develop tics. Her parents took her to a neurologist, but they wanted to get her into counseling as well. The student’s mother was having a hard time finding answers to her questions and didn’t know where to start the process, so she turned to Hazel.

The Hazel doctor listened as the mother shared her concerns and frustrations. Hazel reassured her that they would find the right services for her child. After the initial visit, the Hazel doctor partnered with the school counselor and the student’s mother to identify resources and counseling services that are a good fit.
A physical health visit leads to an important discovery
A student came into the nurse’s office because his vision went blurry. The Hazel doctor looked at his eyes, but he did not see any injury. As he asked him questions about his symptoms, he started to sense that he was down about something. After a few minutes, the student shared that he was really sad because his mom was recently diagnosed with cancer. He explained that he feels worried, and it’s hard for him to focus.

Hazel called home, and the student’s mother confirmed her diagnosis. They discussed how to help manage the child’s stress, and Hazel offered to connect the child with counseling resources through the school. The mother was very grateful for the guidance and was eager to get her child help during a stressful time.
Counselor Story
Hazel Health has been integral this year in getting our students the mental health services needed to help them live healthy lives.  The staff has been attentive, prompt, and resourceful. There is an evident sense of caring for the work they do and the students they serve. It has been a pleasure partnering with Hazel Health in providing mental wellness for our Garland ISD families.
Parents: Let us know you are interested in Hazel for your school
We will reach out to your school district to let them know that parents at their school are interested in Hazel Health services.
Learn how Hazel can improve access to care for K-12 students
A member of our team will be in touch to talk about how we partner with schools and school nurses to expand access to health services - whether students are learning in school or at home.
COVID-19: Learn how Hazel can improve access to care for K-12 students
Hazel services are offered with $0 patient responsibility for all students through the 2020-21 school year for at-home or in-school doctor visits, due to these unprecedented times. Get in touch with us to learn more.
Let us know you are interested in adding Hazel to your insurance provider network
Let us know you are interested in adding Hazel to your insurance provider network