Coronavirus (ES)

Datos básicos: cómo hacer que las máscaras sean parte de la rutina de su hijo

Para ayudar a su familia a practicar buenos hábitos con las mascarillas, hemos respondido las preguntas más comunes sobre las mascarillas y hemos proporcionado algunos consejos para que este cambio sea un poco más fácil para todos.
4 minutos
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Published
October 16, 2020
Kate Major
Certified Physician Assistant
Kate speaks fluent Spanish and has worked with underserved communities and refugee populations. She strives to ensure each child feels listened to and valued.

A medida que se abren más actividades en todo el condado, es importante continuar trabajando juntos para prevenir la propagación de COVID-19. Junto con el lavado de manos y el distanciamiento social, el Centro para el Control de Enfermedades (CDC) recomienda que todos los niños mayores de dos años usen una máscara en público. Este es un cambio importante en el comportamiento diario y puede ser un poco difícil para algunos niños adaptarse. Para ayudar a su familia a practicar buenos hábitos con las mascarillas, hemos respondido las preguntas más comunes sobre las mascarillas y hemos proporcionado algunos consejos para que este cambio sea un poco más fácil para todos.

¿Por qué los niños necesitan usar máscaras?
Los niños pueden contraer COVID-19, pero en general, sus síntomas son leves. En algunos casos, un niño podría tener el virus sin mostrar ningún síntoma. COVID-19 se transmite fácilmente a través de acciones cotidianas como toser, estornudar o hablar. Al usar una máscara, distanciarse socialmente y lavarse las manos, su hijo está frenando la propagación de COVID 19 y desempeñando un papel importante para mantener a todos a salvo.

¿Qué hace un buen ajuste?
¡La comodidad es la clave! Una máscara que se ajusta bien es más fácil de mantener para los niños y más eficaz para reducir la transmisión de virus. Si una mascarilla le queda bien, su hijo no sentirá la necesidad de tocarse la cara para ajustarla. Una máscara bien ajustada cubre la nariz, la boca y el mentón de su hijo sin dejar espacios. Las mejores máscaras tienen al menos dos capas de tela transpirable y están aseguradas con correas elásticas alrededor de las orejas o detrás de la cabeza.

¿Cómo puedo hacer que elegir una máscara sea divertido?
Involucre a su hijo permitiéndole elegir una máscara con un patrón divertido, sus personajes favoritos o el logotipo de su equipo deportivo favorito. Como actividad familiar divertida, pueden hacer y decorar máscaras juntos en casa. El CDC ha proporcionado patrones de costura y sin costura para máscaras caseras aprobadas.

¿Cuántas mascarillas necesita mi hijo?
Para un niño que va a la escuela todos los días, es importante tener una mascarilla limpia cada mañana. Cada niño debe tener de tres a cuatro máscaras reutilizables y no deben compartir ni intercambiar máscaras entre ellos. Las máscaras deben lavarse con agua caliente y secarse a fuego alto después de cada uso.

¿Qué pasa si mi hijo se resiste a usar una máscara?
Hable con su hijo sobre por qué es importante usar una máscara. Explique el virus y cómo se propaga utilizando un lenguaje simple y neutral que transmitirá la seriedad de COVID-19 sin asustarlos. Exprese que están ayudando a su comunidad a mantenerse segura al usar la máscara. Al usar su propia máscara, estará modelando un comportamiento saludable y sus hijos lo notarán.

¿Qué puedo hacer para ayudar a los niños más pequeños con las máscaras?
Los niños más pequeños pueden tardar más en aprender cómo y cuándo usar una mascarilla. Puedes normalizar el uso de máscaras usándolas durante el juego. Practique el uso de máscaras en casa mientras juega al escondite, o coloque una máscara en sus muñecos y peluches favoritos. A medida que el uso de máscaras se convierta en una rutina para los niños pequeños, se adaptarán y seguirán las instrucciones. Recuerde que los niños menores de dos años no deben usar máscaras.

¿Qué pasa si mi hijo tiene desafíos únicos relacionados con el uso de una máscara?
Para los niños con problemas sensoriales, asegúrese de que la tela sea suave y considere usar una diadema con botones para asegurar la máscara. Si su hijo tiene problemas de audición o es sordo, considere usar una máscara con una cubierta transparente en la boca para que aún pueda leer los labios. Una máscara con un alambre nasal puede ayudar a minimizar el empañamiento en los niños que usan anteojos.

Usar una máscara es un ajuste para todos. Escuche las preguntas de su hijo, valide sus preocupaciones y refuerce la importancia de trabajar juntos para crear un ambiente seguro y saludable durante este tiempo desafiante. Concéntrese en el refuerzo positivo y asegúrese de elogiar a sus hijos cuando usen sus máscaras correctamente.


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Hazel gets students the right support quickly
During the pandemic, a high school student was having a hard time coping. He was sad about COVID-19 impacting his senior year, and he was worried about the state of the world. The student was also struggling with some personal conflicts, and he felt he didn't have the right support at home.

After discussing his feelings, a Hazel doctor connected him with resources that he described as “life-changing.” He was very grateful and shared that he didn't know where to go for help before Hazel.
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