Mental health resources (ES)

Una guía para padres sobre la salud emocional

Nuestro equipo ha recopilado las preguntas de salud conductual más comunes de los padres para ayudarlo a guiar a su hijo para que lo ayude si es necesario.
5 minutos
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Published
March 22, 2021
Hazel Team
Editor
The editorial staff at Hazel are a diverse group of writers and professionals.

El bienestar mental es importante a cualquier edad. Para los niños y los jóvenes, la salud emocional y del comportamiento puede ser especialmente importante porque puede afectar el bienestar físico y mental más adelante en la vida. Nuestro equipo ha recopilado las preguntas de salud conductual más comunes de los padres para ayudarlo a guiar a su hijo para que lo ayude si es necesario.


¿Es común que los niños luchen con el bienestar mental?

Los niños y niñas de todas las edades y orígenes étnicos experimentan desafíos mentales. Los problemas de salud mental no significan que los niños no puedan vivir una vida feliz y exitosa. Solo significa que un niño puede necesitar apoyo. Si su hijo tiene problemas de salud mental, no está solo. La Alianza Nacional de Enfermedades Mentales informa que casi uno de cada cinco niños y jóvenes experimentan una condición de salud mental. Durante la pandemia de COVID-19 y otras circunstancias recientes a nivel mundial y nacional, los médicos y los profesionales médicos han experimentado un inmenso crecimiento para los niños que luchan contra la salud mental.


¿Cómo sé si mi hijo necesita ayuda?

Puede ser difícil para los padres saber si el cambio de comportamiento de su hijo es motivo de preocupación. A medida que un niño crece, desarrollará naturalmente nuevos comportamientos, hábitos e intereses. A veces, un niño actúa de manera diferente a lo habitual porque tuvo un mal día o experimentó un estrés temporal, como una gran prueba en la escuela o una nueva mudanza. Estos tipos de comportamiento suelen ser a corto plazo y los padres pueden ayudar a controlar el estrés temporal con una escucha activa.


Si no está seguro de si el comportamiento de su hijo es algo de lo que debe preocuparse, puede considerar:

¿Son estos comportamientos comunes para la edad de mi hijo?

Aunque el desarrollo mental y físico de cada niño varía, puede hablar con un maestro, un consejero escolar o un médico profesional sobre los comportamientos apropiados para su edad.

Frecuencia, duración y sincronización del comportamiento

¿Su hijo exhibe este comportamiento a menudo? (Mensual, semanal, diario)

¿Cuánto tiempo muestran el comportamiento? (Minutos, días, meses)

¿Cuándo notó este comportamiento?

¿El tiempo se alinea con un evento al que pueden estar respondiendo?

¿Qué tan disruptivos son estos comportamientos?

¿Estos comportamientos están causando que su hijo tenga dificultades en la escuela?

¿Ha perdido su hijo el interés en realizar actividades agradables?

¿Los comportamientos causan conflicto en casa o con amigos?


¿Qué pasos debo tomar si estoy preocupado?

Si está preocupado por el bienestar emocional de su hijo, es posible que desee preguntar a otros miembros de la familia, amigos cercanos o maestros si han notado cambios en el estado de ánimo, los intereses o el comportamiento de su hijo. Un buen paso siguiente es hablar con el médico de su hijo. Puede compartir lo que ha notado y aprendido de sus amigos y familiares antes de la cita o cuando programe una visita. Puede leer nuestro artículo sobre qué esperar de una visita con su pediatra aquí.


¿Qué me puede decir el médico de mi hijo?

Dependiendo de la situación de cuidado de su hijo, su pediatra estará familiarizado con el historial y el comportamiento de su hijo y podrá identificar los cambios preocupantes. A veces, problemas de salud como falta de sueño o nutrición, necesidad de anteojos o dificultad para oír pueden causar o empeorar los síntomas emocionales. Si el médico de su hijo cree que es necesario, puede derivarlo a otro médico o profesional con experiencia especial en salud mental.


¿Qué puedo hacer si mi hijo necesita tratamiento?

Trabaje con las personas en la vida de su hijo. Los padres y los médicos deben trabajar estrechamente con todos los involucrados en el tratamiento del niño: maestros, entrenadores, terapeutas y otros miembros de la familia. Es importante aprovechar todos los recursos disponibles que ayudarán a los padres, los profesionales de la salud y los educadores a guiar al niño hacia el éxito.


Si tiene preguntas sobre la salud mental de su hijo, puede preguntarle a su médico. Si Hazel está disponible en la escuela de su hijo, también puede comunicarse con un miembro de nuestro equipo de atención. Al asegurarse de que sus hijos reciban apoyo si lo necesitan, puede ayudarlos a convertirse en adultos sanos y resistentes.



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